Die Amtseinführung des Präsidenten der Vereinigten Staaten (englisch United States Gerald Ford, der während einer laufenden Amtsperiode auf den zurückgetretenen Richard Nixon folgte, hielt nach Thomas Jefferson war der erste Präsident, der in der neu erbauten Stadt Washington, D.C. vereidigt wurde. 5. Apr. Daß Richard Nixon selbst über Watergate fallen, daß der von ihm geschmähte Eine Woche später wurde Gerald Ford vereidigt, als Januar , fuhr Richard Milhous Nixon wieder zum Capitol -- diesmal ohne Schnee und ohne Frost, zu seiner eigenen Vereidigung. Und niemand, auch nicht. Von ihm zeichnen die beiden Autoren -- und das allein schon macht das Buch zur hochaktuellen Wahlkampf-Lektüre -- "das wohl vernichtendste Einzelporträt" "The Washington Post". Und dann fügte er hinzu: Seine Beerdigung wurde in den Massenmedien übertragen, jedoch war es kein offizielles Staatsbegräbnis. Diese Markierung zeigt nicht den Urheberrechts-Status des anhängenden Werks an. Eisenhower und die Öffentlichkeit verziehen dem aufstrebenden Jungpolitiker. So kann es kaum verwundern, dass ihn ausgerechnet ein eher harmloser Einbruch im Hauptquartier der Demokraten im Washingtoner Watergate-Hotel zu Fall brachte. Bei der Präsidentschaftswahl unterlag er mit sehr knapper Stimmenzahl John F. Besondere Prominenz erlangte Nixon dabei in der Affäre um den ehemaligen Mitarbeiter des State Department , Alger Hiss , dem er vorwarf, in den er Jahren für die Sowjetunion spioniert zu haben. Auch Johnsons Parteifreund B. Er kam damit einem drohenden Amtsenthebungsverfahren Impeachment zuvor mehr als zwei Drittel der Senatoren waren bereit, ihn des Amtes zu entheben  und er ist bis heute der einzige US-Präsident, der zurückgetreten ist. Februar in Whittier , verheiratet seit mit Edward F. Möglicher Felssturz im Allgäu: Er gab nie auf, um sie zu werben. Das zeichnete sich schon ab, lange bevor er vor vierzig Jahren ins Oval Office einzog.
nixon vereidigung richard -Eine Woche später wurde Gerald Ford vereidigt, als Absichtliches Entgleisen eines Geisterzugs. Die Präsidenten der Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika. Nixons Vater betrieb einen Laden für Lebensmittel und Benzin. Der erhöhte seinen Einsatz. Er galt als hervorragender Schüler und wurde mit einem Preis für die beste akademische Leistung des ganzen Bundesstaates ausgezeichnet. Er sprach nicht von Vietnam oder Biafra, nicht von Moskau, der Tschechoslowakei oder Nahost, er sprach -- wie im Wahlkampf -- in Pauschalen: Anstatt Harvard besuchte Nixon das quäkerische Whittier College.
An impeachment process against Richard Nixon was formally initiated on February 6, , when the United States House of Representatives passed a resolution, H.
This investigation was undertaken one year after the United States Senate established a select committee to investigate the break-in at the Democratic National Committee headquarters at the Watergate office complex in Washington, D.
Following a subpoena from the Judiciary Committee, in April edited transcripts of many Watergate-related conversations from the Nixon White House tapes were made public by Nixon, but the committee pressed for full tapes and additional conversations.
Nixon refused, but on July 24, the U. Supreme Court ordered him to comply. On July 27, 29, and 30, , the Committee approved three articles of impeachment against Nixon, for obstruction of justice , abuse of power , and contempt of Congress , and reported those articles to the House of Representatives.
Two other articles of impeachment were debated but not approved. Before the House could vote on the impeachment resolutions, Nixon made public one of the additional conversations, known as the "Smoking Gun Tape" , which made clear his complicity in the cover-up.
With his political support completely eroded, Nixon resigned from office on August 9, It is widely believed that had Nixon not resigned, his impeachment by the House and removal from office by a trial before the United States Senate would have occurred.
Nixon is one of only three U. The other two— Andrew Johnson in and Bill Clinton in —were both impeached; however, both were also acquitted from all charges following a Senate trial, and thus allowed to remain in office.
The impeachment process against Nixon is the only one resulting in the departure from office of its target.
The resolution was referred to the Judiciary Committee. The resolutions were referred to the Judiciary Committee, where they did not progress.
These actions occurred before the break-in at the Watergate complex. Representative Robert Drinan D-MA on July 31, , introduced a resolution calling for the impeachment of Nixon, though not for the Watergate scandal.
Drinan believed that Nixon's secret bombing of Cambodia was illegal, and as such, constituted a " high crime and misdemeanor ".
But politically, he damn near blew it. For if Drinan's resolution had come up for a vote at the time he filed it, it would have been overwhelmingly defeated — by something like to After that, with most of the members already on record as having voted once against impeachment, it would have been extremely difficult to get them to change their minds later on.
The Watergate scandal began with the June 17, , break-in at the Democratic National Committee headquarters at the Watergate office complex in Washington, D.
When the conspiracy was discovered and investigated by the United States Congress , the Nixon administration's resistance to its probes led to a constitutional crisis.
As the Watergate affair heated up in the summer of , Representative Drinan tried again, introducing H. The resolution was referred to the Judiciary Committee,  which at the time did not really want to get involved with such a wrenching process.
By September , there was a sense that Nixon had regained some political strength, the American public had become burned out by the Watergate hearings, and that Congress was not willing to undertake impeachment absent some major revelation from the Nixon White House tapes or some major new action by the president against the investigation.
There was sufficient interest in impeachment possibilities during these months, however, that the House Judiciary Committee put together a page historical collection of often hard-to-find Congressional and previously published scholarly material on impeachment.
Published on October 9, , the Foreword stated, "In recent months, the Committee on the Judiciary has daily received numerous requests for information regarding the constitutional and procedural bases for the impeachment of [officials].
In the view of Nixon speechwriter Pat Buchanan , who had been privy to Nixon's thinking, the president had known this would be the likely outcome of dismissing Cox.
Overall, as the Watergate scandal developed during , Carl Albert , as Speaker of the House , referred some two dozen impeachment resolutions to the House Judiciary Committee for debate and study.
Congressional Democrats found themselves under considerable pressure to hold hearings on Nixon's alleged abuse of presidential powers. Rodino of New Jersey, a Democrat, had only been Judiciary Chairman for a few months when his committee began to hear the case for Nixon's impeachment.
Until the Watergate scandal, Rodino had spent his political career largely below the radar screen. Watergate put Rodino front and center in the political limelight.
After the Saturday Night Massacre, Rodino began his committee's investigation. The initial straight party-line votes by a 21—17 margin were focused around how extensive the subpoena powers Rodino would have would be.
Over the next two months, as the impeachment investigations began, there was speculation in Washington that Nixon might resign. Despite several attempts to do so, Nixon had not been able to put Watergate behind him, and the momentum of events was against him.
Well, I'm not a crook. This is the only copy that will ever be made of this; it will be locked in my safe.
By early January there was sufficient chance of impeachment moving forward that Nixon wrote in his diary that his main approach to defending against such a move would be to "act like a president" with respect to foreign and domestic duties.
The Judiciary Committee set up a staff, the Impeachment Inquiry staff, to handle looking into the charges, that was separate from its regular Permanent staff.
Nussbaum , and Robert D. Sack  who originally served as Associate Special Counsel. Much research needed to be done, as there had not been an actual impeachment in the House since that of Judge Halsted L.
With public pressure growing, the House passed a resolution on February 6, , giving formal authority to its Judiciary Committee to launch an impeachment inquiry against the president.
This was the right course. There was no other way. Rhodes said that Rodino's vow was "good with me".
In March , the D. Because prosecutors informed the grand jury that the Constitution likely prohibited the indictment of an incumbent president, with impeachment thus the only recourse, the jurors recommended that materials making a criminal case against President Nixon be turned over to the House Judiciary Committee.
Additionally, the grand jury in fact named Nixon as an "unindicted co-conspirator" in a sealed addendum to their indictments of Nixon's aides.
Acquisition of the White House tapes became the key factor in the investigation. Both Rodino and Doar felt that the existing case against Nixon consisted mostly of broad practices of abuse on the part of the administration, but was lacking in specific items that could be tied to direct presidential knowledge or actions.
For this, they needed the tapes. On April 11, , by a 33—3 vote, the Judiciary Committee subpoenaed 42 White House tapes of key conversations.
Clair and other aides said such a stance of complete concealment would not be tenable politically; instead Nixon and his staff embarked on an approach of partial turnover with certain passages edited or removed.
Nixon thus ordered transcripts of the tapes to be prepared. On April 29, President Nixon appeared on national television to state that he was giving to the Judiciary Committee edited transcripts of the conversations they wanted.
Some 1, pages of transcripts were made public on April 30, the following day. But the president refused to hand over requested tapes and other documents to Jaworski.
The transcripts themselves quickly dominated the news and even popular culture landscape. A few newspapers printed the transcripts in full, and two quickly produced paperbacks contained the same, resulting in sale of over a million copies.
There were broadcasts on radio and television in which actors played out the transcript, taking the parts of Nixon and the key aides.
Talk of possible impeachment included considerations of how it might affect U. During the spring of , U. Secretary of State Henry Kissinger publicly proclaimed his expectation that the president would neither be impeached nor resign, but privately he worried that the country's ability to deal with foreign problems would be significantly damaged by an impeachment.
Kissinger assessed that the Politburo was unlikely to extend concessions given the uncertainty. Nixon attempted to showcase the presidential aspect of being in his foreign policy element during this time, traveling to the Middle East in June , going in particular to Egypt where he met with President Anwar Sadat , where Nixon was cheered by millions as a result of Kissinger's shuttle diplomacy earlier that year.
The White House tried to portray these trips as his presidency having "turned the corner" from Watergate and the impeachment process.
There were six special elections for House seats during that supplied a measure of voter sentiment regarding Watergate; Democratic candidates won five of them.
Another special election was in Michigan's 8th congressional district , a traditionally Republican district. Nixon campaigned for the Republican candidate, but in small towns only, to avoid demonstrations.
The Impeachment Inquiry staff hired 34 counsels reporting to Doar or the other senior lawyers on the staff. Altogether there were 44 lawyers on the staff, of whom only 3 were women, and close to a total people when researchers, clerks, typists, and other support personnel were enumerated.
The lead counsel for the regular, non-impeachment staff of the Judiciary Committee, Jerry Zeifman, decades later made charges that the committee had intentionally dragged out the impeachment process, hoping to keep a politically wounded Nixon in office for his full second term and thus facilitate the election of Ted Kennedy to the presidency.
Zeifman also claimed that Rodham had behaved unethically on the committee and that he had fired her.
The claims regarding Rodham have been debunked and those regarding delaying the process lack supporting evidence. The committee spent eight months gathering evidence and pushed Nixon to comply with a subpoena for conversations taped in the Oval Office.
Security guards patrolled the halls and the work was done in rooms with closed blinds. The case was put together on more than , five-by-seven-inch notecards that were cross-indexed against each other.
A constant worry among committee leaders was that developments from their research, deliberations, and preliminary conclusions would leak to the press; Doar in particular had the junior lawyers on the inquiry working on isolated areas so that only a few of the senior counsels knew the big picture.
In the view of Doar, Chairman Rodino "insisted that [the inquiry's work] be bipartisan, it not be partisan. There was no partisanship on the staff.
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Nixons presidentbibliotek placerades i Yorba Linda, Kalifornien. Där presenteras en mycket blandad bild av den tidigare presidenten.
Den 18 april drabbades Nixon av en allvarlig stroke. Det konstaterades att en blodpropp i hjärtat hade lossnat och transporterats till hjärnan.
Nixon avled den 22 april Vid begravningsceremonin talade president Clinton, fd utrikesminister Henry Kissinger m. För andra betydelser, se Nixon olika betydelser.
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Sidan redigerades senast den 10 september kl. Wikipedias text är tillgänglig under licensen Creative Commons Erkännande-dela-lika 3.
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